offset \ˈȯf-ˌset\ noun

a force or influence that makes an opposing force ineffective or less effective

Heavy rain

The year 2015 has so far been the warmest year since we started measuring the temperatures. The rising average of temperatures due to the climate change is coupled with the El Niño dry period so the droughts we experience in this period are even further exacerbated.

What's El Niño exactly? It's a dry and warm period of the temperature cycle in the Pacific Ocean that mostly affects the coastal countries in the tropical area.

The influence of El Niño, and the corresponding wet period coming after it, La Niña, is not geographically localized because the winds and the changes in the ocean affect global weather patterns.

As the temperatures rise due to the climate change, the land is dried up of any moisture. Over time this even leads to extreme alterations in the planet's geographical features.

Remember the disappearance of the Aral Sea? The same thing is happening again now with the Lake Poopó drying up.

Because of the cycle of water, the evaporated water comes down in form of rain in other locations, sometimes causing massive floods. This flooding happened in 2014 in Southeast Europe, and this winter in the Great Britain and Ireland. In many instances the aged infrastructure is not prepared for this influx of water and the soil itself is hydrologically unable to absorb the excess in a short amount of time. People lose their homes and lives.

Aside from the Great Britain and Ireland, people were affected by flooding in 2015 in South America and North America in the eastern Missouri area as well. China got hit a couple of months ago, too.

We're already witnessing again the death, homelessness, hunger and poverty due to this, and the sustained damage across the globe will affect the structure of financial aid (as financial resources are spread thin) and the global resource distribution (destruction of agricultural areas, for example).

These catastrophes unmistakably bring to light the inefficiencies and fundamental flaws of the mitigation measures already in place, as well as the state systems' negligence and inertia when it comes to preparing for the inevitable next round.

However, no amount of shouting into the void (or the favorite comment section) how the system is broken can help, but rolling up our sleeves and working on our own habits is something we can do - reducing our carbon footprint and doing our part to lessen the effect the humanity has on the environment.